IBM has created the first experimental chip that simulates the way the brain processes information.
The company has created the basic design of an experimental computer chip, using a combination of computer science, neuroscience and nanotechnology.
The cognitive computing chips could one day simulate tasks that are specific to humans, such as sensing, perceiving, interacting and recognizing.
Unlike modern computers, which are based on John von Neumann structure, for the new system, the memory and the processor won’t be separated.
The new system will include “neurons” or digital processors, “synapses” th which are the foundation of learning and memory, and “axons” or data transmission channels, which connect the components together.
During a three-year research, IBM created two prototype chips that are now being tested. Scientists plan to build a computer that not only analyzes complex information from multiple senses at once, but also dynamically interact with the environment, learning from what happens around it.
In the end, IBM will combine the chips into a full integrated system of hardware and software. IBM wants to build a computer with 10 billion neurons and 100 trillion synapses, building a computer with 10 billion neurons and 100 trillion synapses, which will be 10 times stronger than the human brain.
The whole project has received $ 21 million for funding from the U.S. Army.